In the clinical learning environment, each patient must have an identifiable, appropriately-credentialed and privileged attending physician (or licensed independent practitioner as approved by each Review Committee) who is ultimately responsible for that patient’s care.

  • This information should be available to residents, faculty members, and patients.
  • Residents and faculty members should inform patients of their respective roles in each patient'ss care.

The program must demonstrate that the appropriate level of supervision is in place for all residents who care for patients.Supervision may be exercised through a variety of methods. Some activities require the physical presence of the supervising faculty member. For many aspects of patient care, the supervising physician may be a more advanced resident or fellow. Other portions of the care provided by the resident can be adequately supervised by the immediate availability of the supervising faculty member or resident physician, either in the institution, or by means of telephonic and/or electronic modalities. In some circumstances, supervision may include post-hoc review of resident-delivered care with feedback as to the appropriateness of that care.Programs must set guidelines for circumstances and events in which residents must communicate with appropriate supervising faculty members, such as the transfer of a patient to an intensive care unit, or end-of-life decisions.Each resident must know the limits of his/her scope of authority, and the circumstances under which he/she is permitted to act with conditional independence.In particular, PGY-I residents should be supervised either directly or indirectly with direct supervision immediately available (each Review Committee describes the achieved competencies under which PGY-I residents progress to be supervised indirectly, with direct supervision available.)Faculty supervision assignments should be of sufficient duration to assess the knowledge and skills of each resident and delegate to him/her the appropriate level of patient care authority and responsibility